CRUDEN, or Invercruden, a parish, in the district of Ellon, county of Aberdeen, 7 miles (S. S. W.) from Peterhead; containing, with the villages of Finnyfold or Whinnie-Fauld, Bullers-Buchan, and the Ward, 2349 inhabitants. This place was the scene of a memorable battle fought in the year 1005, upon a plain near the bay of Ardendraught, between Malcolm II. and the Danes under Canute, in which the latter, who had a castle in the neighbourhood, were totally defeated. The parish is situated on the shore of the German Ocean, and is eleven miles in length, and varies in breadth from four to seven miles, comprising mostly cultivated land. The sea forms the southern boundary, and the coast is marked by bold and lofty rocks of red granite, from the east end to Slains Castle, close to which is the Ward, a small fishing village affording occasionally a landing place for coal and lime. Beyond this, to Sand End, a distance of about two miles, stretches a fine sandy beach called the Bay of Cruden, from the south extremity of which runs a ridge of sunken rocks named the Scares of Cruden; and from this place the shore is exceedingly abrupt and majestic all along the south, the rocks consisting of black basalts. The climate is bleak; and when the wind is high the grandeur of the ocean is so striking that Dr. Johnson, who visited this spot in his celebrated tour, declared that Slains Castle was the place from which he should wish to behold a storm. Husbandry is on a respectable footing, great improvements having been made, especially in draining; and the farmers, who have in general commodious houses, live comfortably. The rateable annual value of the parish is £8792. Quarries of red granite were in operation some time since, and supplied a material for several of the London bridges; but they have all been closed. Very little wood is to be seen, and this is chiefly in the vicinity of Slains Castle, a remarkably strong edifice, built on the margin of the sea, and the residence for generations of the earls of Erroll. A carding and spinning mill was lately erected on the estate of Aquaharney, and is on a somewhat extensive scale: the thread manufactories formerly employing so many hands have become totally extinct. The parish, which has a post-office, is situated on the public road between Aberdeen and Peterhead, and to the latter place and Newburgh the produce is sent for sale, except that part of the cattle disposed of at various other markets. A small cattle-fair is held in April, and another in May; and some business is done in the sale of fish, a salmon-fishery being in operation near Ward, and there being stations at the other villages for the fish common to the coast. The parish is in the presbytery of Ellon and synod of Aberdeen, and in the patronage of the Earl of Erroll; the minister's stipend is £204, with a manse, and a glebe of six acres of arable land and pasturage ground. The church was built in 1776, and lately enlarged. A place of worship has been recently erected in connexion with the Free Church, and there is also an episcopal chapel. The parochial school affords instruction in the usual branches; the master has a salary of £26, with £18 fees, and also participates in the Dick bequest. A parochial library was established a few years since.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Cruden's Concordance — Alexander Cruden s Complete Concordance to the Holy Scriptures. First published 1737. The first entry, for example, abase appears in the King James Version of the Bible (KJV) four times; in the books of Job, Isaiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel. The… …   Wikipedia

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  • Cruden, Alexander — (1701–70)    Educator.    Cruden was born in Aberdeen. A strict Presbyterian, he was extremely dedicated to the study of the Bible. In 1737 he published his famous Concordance to the Old and New Testaments which has remained a standard work ever… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

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